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Tribal fishing activist Billy Frank Jr. dies
Billy Frank Jr., a Nisqually elder and tribal fisherman who led the Northwest "fish wars" that helped restore fishing rights for Native Americans four decades ago, died early Monday morning.
Frank, chairman of the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission and a regular columnist for the Auburn Reporter, was 83.
The commission and Nisqually Tribe confirmed his death. The cause was not immediately known.
In a statement, Gov. Jay Inslee called Frank a "true legend" who fought for others.
"He was a selfless leader who dedicated his life to the long fight for the rights of our state's native people," Inslee said in a statement. "Billy was a champion of tribal rights, of the salmon, and the environment. He did that even when it meant putting himself in physical danger or facing jail."
King County Executive Dow Constantine praised Frank's contributions:
"Billy Frank Jr.'s courage to stand up for oppressed people, human rights, and environmental justice made him an authentic Northwest icon. His willingness to sacrifice his own freedom to preserve important native traditions and protect Puget Sound is something that benefits us all and will for generations to come."
Frank was first arrested for salmon fishing as a boy in 1945 — an event that led him on a long campaign for tribal rights, according to The Associated Press. He and others were repeatedly arrested as they staged "fish ins" demanding the right to fish in their historical waters, as they were guaranteed in treaties when they ceded land to white settlers in the 19th century, the AP said.
In 1974, U.S. District Judge George Boldt affirmed the tribes' right to half of the fish harvest — and the nation's obligation to honor the old treaties, according to The AP.
Over the next 40 years, Frank continued to advocate for tribal fishing rights and protection of natural resources, including salmon